Monte Brè – Boglia area: Monte Brè and Boglia’s vegetation extends to the sub-mountains hills and to the mountains and you can find a very rich and varied flora. According to the kind of soil and to other environmental characteristics (slope, sun exposure, humidity), the hills are characterized by tree and shrub layer, by chestnut trees and by mixed deciduous forest (oak, ash, hornbeam, maple, poplar, lime, wild cherry-tree, viburnum, medlar tree, hazel, golden chain).
The grass layer is characterized by many flower species, especially the Christmas Rose (Rosa di Natale), cyclamen, periwinkle, different anemones, geranium sanguineum. Beech trees and conifers are typical of the mountain area of Monte Brè and partially of Boglia.
Castagnola – Gandria area: the coastal strip of the lake from Castagnola to Gandria which is protected by northern winds, has a Mediterranean vegetation with olive trees, oleanders, agaves, figs, mimosas, camellias, laurel oaks and eucalypts.
Camoghè – Gazzirola area: in the area of Camoghè and Gazzirola plant species that survived climatic changes happening during different glaciations have been preserved for millennia. The whole path is very interesting for its flora variety, especially between Monte Brè and the peak of Oress. The most interesting species that can be seen in the area are:
Christmas Rose (Helleborus niger): this white flower can be found underneath the snow between Monte Brè and the peak of Fojorina; Hairy Alpenrose (Rhododendron hirsutum): it grows only in Alta Val Colla and in Engadin. It is considered the “Rose of the Alps” of chalky soils and it is characterized by hair on leaves ‘edges;
Ranunculus thora: it has a curious short and wide leaf on which the typical veins are clearly visible. It has a yellow flower;
Bear’s ear primula (Primula auricola): it grows in chalky substratum and in dolomite, for this reason it can be found around Denti della Vecchia and Monte Generoso. It survives in tiny spaces among rocks keeping the humidity in its leaves. Its flowers have a strong yellow color.
Malcantone: it has a huge variety of species thanks to its different climate, soil and topographical profiles. The mountain area includes beeches (Fagus sylvatica) and grazing land, together with birches (Betula pendula) and whitebeams (Sorbus aria). In the little used grazing land brakes (Ptedirium acquilinum) and brooms (Cytisus scoparius) are prevailing. You can also find the nardetum, typical of acid and poor grassland in which matgrass (Nardus stricta) is widespread.
Monte San Salvatore, Pazzallo and Paradiso: Monte San Salvatore (912 meters above sea level) stands out majestically against Lugano’s skyline and offers an outstanding view of the lake of Ceresio, the plain of Lombardy and of the splendid mountain chain of the Swiss and Savoy Alps. The roof of the church is an outlook point which offers a 360° view.
Passing through the woods located in the northern side of the mountain leading to Pazzallo and Paradiso, you can walk surrounded by an untouched and reinvigorating nature.
At the station of Pazzallo, the path comes out from the wood and steps follow the funicolar railway route for about 300 m. The path continues for 20 minutes in the shade of chestnut trees until the cantonal road in the area of the FFS train station Paradiso.
Between San Salvatore and Monte Arbòstora, San Grato park hosts a collection of azalea, rhododendron and conifer which is the widest in terms of variety and quantity of the Insubric region. From the park you can enjoy an outstanding view of the surrounding areas and of alpine chain peaks.
Sighignola – Monte Caprino area:
Lands along Lario shores benefit from a good climate, similar to the one of Liguria coast, thanks to the presence of the lake basin. For this reason laurel oaks, cypresses, citrus trees, oleanders, Olea fragans, magnolias, camphor and many other Mediterranean species blossom in the area. These plants need not only lot of rain but also an appropriate soil: an acid soil enhances the blossom of acidophilic plants which are not able to adapt elsewhere and are considered difficult to grow. Therefore many species such as azalea, rhododendron, camelia, hydrangea, gardenia, kalmia and all the acidophilic plants feel at ease in the Lario area.
In the mountains it is possible to find other species such as alpine anemone, white anemone and spiniest thistle.
Source: luganobre.ch, lugano-tourism.ch, montagnaticino.com, regionemalcantone.ch, montesansalvatore.ch, ticino.ch, lugano-tourism.ch